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Economics Seminar: Bilge Eriş Dereli (Marmara University)

ECONOMICS SEMINAR

 

Occupational Mobility and Mismatch Unemployment

 

by

 

BİLGE ERİŞ DERELİ

(MARMARA UNIVERSITY) 

 

DECEMBER 18, 2019

11:45-13:00

FASS 2034

 

Abstract: As the structure of labor demand changes, groups of workers (e.g. metal workers in the Rust Belt) face persistent unemployment unless they change occupation. We document that such occupational mismatch is responsible for 1/10 to 1/5th of aggregate unemployment in the US and other countries (UK, Germany, Turkey). We also document that over half of all unemployed workers find a job in a different occupation than they were previously employed in. However, this high level of occupational mobility among the unemployed, does nothing to bring down unemployment due to occupational mismatch. What explains this apparent puzzle, is that -on average- unemployed workers switch to occupations where the probability to find a job is no larger than in their previous occupation.