Sena Coksun from FAU Erlangen-Nurember will present her paper entitled "The Emergence of Procyclical Fertility: The Role of Breadwinner Women” on Wednesday, 4th of April at 11.45. The seminar will be physical at FASS 2054 but it can also be attended at the following link
The Emergence of Procyclical Fertility: The Role of Breadwinner Women
Fertility in the US exhibits an increasingly more procyclical pattern. We argue that women’s breadwinner status is behind procyclical and lower fertility: (i) women’s relative income in the family has increased over time; and (ii) women are more likely to work in relatively stable and countercyclical industries whereas men tend to work in volatile and procyclical industries. This creates a countercyclical gender income gap as women become breadwinners in recessions, producing an insurance effect of women’s income. Our quantitative framework shows that rising breadwinner status of women can explain both the emergence of procyclical fertility and the decline in fertility rate in the second half of the 20th century.